Advanced Dental Care at RDV Sportsplex
8701 Maitland Summit Blvd, Orlando, FL 32810

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I had a good experience with having a filling replaced.
Danielle Q.
Excellent as usual.
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Well, we're just getting started here, but everything was great!
Anonymous
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Check-in was fast, staff was friendly and the dental hygenist was thorough as always.
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Everyone was very pleasant and helpful. Dr Ortiz made the process of a tooth extraction pleasant. She did a great job. I had no insurance and the […]
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You run a tight ship. I walk in, I sign in, get my teeth cleaned, all in less than 40 minutes! Not just once, all the time! I wish that other medical […]
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My appointment was on time. The personnel was courteous.
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Always good!
Robert A.
The staff was attentive and courteous. They answered all my questions. I especially appreciate the diligince of the receptionist (Jessica?). She has […]
Anonymous
I had a awesome experience. All the staff was very friendly especially my dental assistant Jessica, she made feel at home. It was my first visit but […]
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Awesome! I highly recommend this dentist and office!
Sharon D.
The staff was very helpful and friendly amd the dentist made sure I was comfortable. Had two extractions that day and was back to work the next day […]
Giovanni G.
I had a crown build up and temp. installed yesterday the 24th. I don't think it could have gone any better. I am a baby when It comes to dental […]
Leslie M.
My first deep cleaning and it was far less invasive than I imagined. No pain at all. Another great experience at Advanced Dental!
Mary B.
Excellent as always.
Mark A.
The staff is extremely welcoming and friendly. The dental hygienist calmedy nerves and always made sure I was okay.
Amanda J.
It was a good experience with a procedure carried out by efficient, friendly and professional staff.
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Best dentist I've been to.
Anonymous
staff and dentist provide great care
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Desire S.
Had deep cleaning done. Were very gentle, and pain free.
Lui dussan
Dr. Ortiz and her team are friendly, professional, competent, organized and don't keep you waiting! They are flexible and go out of their way to find […]
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They are very professional and have a passion for the work they do. Great Job!
Helen C.
Great service every time I go. I was super nervous but both the Dr. and her assistant took the time to make sure I was comfortable and relaxed […]
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Staff was very friendly!
Gretchen G.
Had a great experience even though I was at a dentist office.
Anonymous
The staff are very courteous.
Aurora S.
Dr Ortiz always makes sure I am comfortable and not feeling pain during the procedure. She is very attuned to the patient. I have always been very […]
Margaret F.
I appreciated the excellent service
Bernard S.
Recommended by a friend, the entire office was great. I felt very comfortable and enjoyed my experience getting my teeth cleaned.
Anonymous
Pain free! Crown build up & temporary were done 11/11.
Leslie M.
I had a great experience yesterday! Was there for my cleaning. Leonor is always great, awesome.
Nayda C.
I had a tooth extracted and a temporary bridge put in during this visit and it was easy as pie! The worst part was the anesthesia. Dr. Ortiz worked […]
Anna W.
Both the Doctor and the dental asst were exceptional!! I would recommend this place to everyone!!!
Laura B.
Professional, good, solid cleaning.
David O.
Another good experience. I waited longer than normal to go back but once back, things moved swiftly and effortlessly. Like this new dentist and how […]
Anonymous
Surprised to see a dental office inside of a sports building pretty clever! Staff was very friendly Office very clean and organized hygienist was […]
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Fast, fun, and a friendly place. I received the best dental service as well as very satisfied with the results that was giving.
Anonymous
Very professional, very courteous, and knowledgeable.
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I've been going to Advance Dental for years now and every visit has been pleasant, friendly & professional. I would recommend this office to all my […]
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Great Team!
Gregory H.
I was happy about my visit.
Stephanie V.
Everytime i visit this office it's such a wonderful experience!!! Everyone there is awesome .
Mario T.
My consultation felt caring as opposed to a route to the dentists bottom line. The cleaning was thorough and painless.
Glenn W.
Dr. Charmaine Ortiz was professional and did not try to push any particular cosmetic procedures on me - she listened to what I said and gave her […]
Anna W.
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